Red Wolf

Name: Red Wolf
Scientific name: Canis rufus
Range: As far north as  Pennsylvania and as far  west as Texas
Habitat: Temperate deciduous forest.  
Location in the zoo: Texas Wild Exhibit
Diet in the wild: White-tailed deer and raccoon but will eat  any small animal available.
Diet in the zoo:  Fast once a week, bone or muscle meat once a week.  2/3 Science Diet Canine Maintenance, 1/3 frozen feline diet the remainder of the week.


Physical description: 

  • Height:  15" to 16" shoulder height 
  • Body length: 55"-65" 
  • Weight 40 to 80 lbs.
  • Color ranges from cinnamon red, gray to black.
  • Tail is usually brown with black shading.
  • Most notable feature are its long ears and legs

General information:

Red Wolves generally roam in small packs usually consisting of an adult pair and their offspring.  Red wolves can breed as early as their second year and have 3 to 5 pups each.  In order for the red wolves to survive in the wild they need anywhere from 10 and 100 square miles of habitat to hunt and live.  Red wolves have become extinct due to hybridization with other wolves such as the grey wolf and Mexican wolf and the coyotes.  Red wolves have also lost their habitat but are beginning to be reintroduced by the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge in North Carolina.

Special anatomical, physiological
or behavioral adaptations:

When a red wolf is trapped or feels threatened he will hold his tail upright and snarl exposing only canines and a few front teeth.  He will also raise the hair on his neck and back.

Source Materials and Related Links:

Page author:{short description of image}Angela Latigo

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